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涂料知识:粉末涂料术语(五)

作者:admin 来源: 日期:2013-1-30 21:20:00 人气:12

Non-ferrous 不含铁的
A material containing no iron. 材料中没有铁离子。
Non-flammable 不易燃
Will not burn.
不会燃烧。
Non-volatile Solid 非挥发性固体
Will not evaporate
不会蒸发的。
Nylon Thermoplastic Powders 尼龙热塑性粉末
coating that contains long chain polymers consisting of recurring amine groups (CONH). These coatings are tough, abrasive resistant and exhibit good chemical resistance.
含有酰胺基团(CONH)长链聚合物的涂料,这种涂料非常坚韧、耐磨并显示出非常好的化学耐性。
OEM 原始设备制造商
Original Equipment Manufacturer
Off-colour 色差
Not matching the colour standard to which the coating is being compared.
涂层颜色与颜色标准比较不一致。
Ohm 欧姆
A unit of electrical resistance.
电阻的单位
Opacity 不透明性
Ability to hide the substrate at a given film thickness.
一定厚度遮盖住基材的能力。
Orange Peel 桔皮
A wavy irregularity in the surface of a coating film created by the flow characteristics. Orange peel appears as an uneven or rough surface to the eye, but usually feels smooth to the touch.
因为流动的特性在涂层的表面产生的不规则的波纹,肉眼看上去桔纹是一种不平坦的和粗糙的表面,但触摸上去是光滑的。
Organic 有机物
Substance containing carbon components.
含有碳成分的物质。
Oscillator 振荡器
Device for moving automatic guns in a vertical plane to provide uniform and increased powder coverage.
为了获得均一和较厚的涂层,使自动喷枪在垂直面移动的装置
Oven 烘炉
Chamber or enclosed area for the purpose of curing by heat or energy the coating.
用于加热或能量使涂层固化目的的房间或有限区域。
Overbake 烘烤过度
Applying more heat or energy than is required to fully cure the powder coating. Overbaking can result in discolouration, loss of gloss or deterioration on mechanical properties.
使用了比粉末涂料完全固化更多的价热和能量,过度烘烤容易使涂层变色、失光和机械性能变差。
Overcoat 顶涂
Applying a second coating of powder.
应用的第二层粉末涂料。
Overspray 过喷
Material that does not deposit on the component and goes to the recovery system
粉末不再沉积在工件上而直接进入回收系统。
Particle 颗粒
Smallest possible part. 粉末的最小组成部分。
Particle Size 粒子尺寸
The average diameter / size of particles supplied as a powder coating, following the grinding process. 研磨的粉末涂料的粒子的平均粒径。
Pass 前行
The motion of a spray gun in one direction only. 喷枪只在一个直的方向上移动。
Passivation 钝化
Conversion of a metal surface to a less reactive state. A process to reduce corrosion rate of metal surfaces.
一种可以降低金属表面活性的转化膜,能够降低金属表面腐蚀几率的工艺。
pH Value PH值
Measurement of acidity or alkalinity. pH 7 is neutral, Values greater than 7 are alkali less than 7 acid.
酸或碱的测量,PH 7为中性,比7大为碱性,比7小为酸性。
Phosphate 磷化
To form a thin film of inert phosphate on the metal surface. Process to reduce the rate of corrosion.
在金属表面形成的惰性的磷酸盐薄膜。该工艺可以降低金属被腐蚀的几率。
Pigment 颜料
Particles in a powder coating formulation that provides the colour, corrosion resistance and other properties.
在粉末涂料配方中提供颜色、抗腐蚀和其它性能的一类材料。
Pinholes 针孔
Formation of small holes through to the substrate. The appearance of fine pimply defects in a cured film.
在涂膜中抵达涂层的小的孔洞,在固化的涂膜中表现为细小的肿泡缺陷的外观。
Pinpoint Diffuser
Powder gun tip, which yields a concentrated pattern.
Plastic 塑料
One of many high polymeric substances, including both natural and synthetic rubber. At some stage in its manufacture or refinement every plastic is capable of flowing under heat and pressure to form its final shape.
众多的高聚材料之一,包括天然和合成橡胶。通过加热或加压来制造或注塑成最终的产品形态。
Plastisol 增塑溶胶
Film former containing resin and plasticiser with no solvents that forms a tough resistant thermoplastic coating.
一种含有树脂和无溶剂增塑剂的涂膜而形成的高韧性热塑性涂料。
Polyester 聚酯
A resin or powder containing the grouping R-COOC-R. The powder having excellent resistance to UV light.
含有R-COOC-R单元的树脂或粉末。该粉末有优秀的紫外光耐性。
Polyethylene 聚乙烯
Resin with the formulation CH2CH2 used in thick film thermoplastic powder coatings.
树脂由CH2CH2组成,该树脂可生产厚涂的热塑性粉末涂料。
Polymers 聚合物
Poly = many: mer = units, Polymers are very large molecules built up by the combination of many smaller molecules, often having many thousand molecules.
Poly=聚合mer=单体,聚合物是由小分子聚合而成大分子,常常由数千个分子组成。
Polymerisation 聚合
Chemical reaction in which smaller molecules combine to form a high molecular weight polymer.
通过化学反应把小分子联合成大分子量的聚合物。
Polypropylene 聚丙烯
One of many polyolefin thermoplastics. Usually in exterior quality thermoplastic powder coating.
众多的热塑性聚烯烃之一,常用于户外的热塑性粉末涂料。
PVC 聚氯乙烯
Polyvinyl Chloride. Synthetic resin used in both liquid and thermoplastic powder systems.
聚氯乙烯,用于液体或粉末涂料的一种合成树脂。
Porosity 孔隙率
Degree of integrity or continuity. A porous material will allow liquid or air to pass through.
完整或连续的程度,一种多孔的材料能够使空气和液体通过。
Post Cure 后固化
Heating of an object after application of the powder coating.
在涂装粉末涂料后加热工件。
Post Heat 后加热
Heating of an object after application of the powder coating.
在涂装粉末涂料后加热工件。
Pourability 流动性
The ability of a dry powder to flow uniformly or to be continuously poured from container at a steady flow.
干粉末均匀流动或连续地以稳定的流动注入一个容器的能力。
Powder Booth 喷粉室
An enclosure used for containment of powder coatings during the spray application.
在粉末涂料喷涂时,用于防止粉末外溢的箱室。
Powder Particle粉末粒子
The smallest single piece that results after grinding powder chip.
在研磨后最小的单个粒子。
Powder Segregation 粉末分离
Stratification. Separation of powder particles (due to size) during the spray operation and recovery system. Due mainly to the forces of gravity, speed and electrostatic deposition. Resulting effect can be changes in gloss or changes in the degree of "orange Peel".
分离,在喷涂操作和回收系统中粉末粒子的分离,由重力,速度和静电沉积等因素造成,最终的结果会使粉末涂层光泽下降和一定程度的桔皮。
Preheat 预热
Heating the component before the application of the powder coating.
在粉末涂料喷涂之前加热工件。
Pressure 压强
Force per unit area relative to atmospheric pressure. Usually expressed in psi (pounds per square inch).
每单位面积的空气压力。一般单位为psi(磅每平方英寸)。
Pressure Drop 压力降
Loss in pressure usually due to length or diameter of piping or hose. Can be caused by blocked filters.
由于管道的长度和直径变化而形成的压力损失,可能blocked filters导致。
Pressure Gauge 压力计
A gauge to determine the delivered pressure of a gas or fluid.
测量气体或液体压力的装置。
Pre-treatment 预处理
The preparation of a part (component / substrate) prior to the coating to improve adhesion and corrosion resistance.
在涂装之间,用于增加附着力和耐腐蚀性能的工件的准备。
Primer 底漆
A type of coating applied to the substrate surface to improve adhesion of a subsequent topcoat. To improve corrosion resistance, hiding power, surface smoothness.
一种用于涂装基材表面改进顶涂附着力的涂层,改进耐腐蚀性能,遮盖力,表面平整度。
Profile Depth 锚纹深度
Average distance between the top and bottom of valleys on a surface.
表面的波峰底到波峰顶的平均距离。
PSD粒度分布
Particle Size Distribution. The range of particle sizes in the manufactured powder coating.
粉末涂料生产时的粒子尺寸范围。
Purging 清洗生产线
Cleaning one colour or powder formulation from all areas that come in contact with the powder coating before introducing a new powder.
一个颜色或粉末配方不同,在生产新粉末之前的全部区域的清洗
Radiation Cure 辐射固化
Curing a coating by means of exposure to electromagnetic waves or particles such as infrared or ultra violet, or electron beam.
在电磁波或粒子如红外、紫外、电子束下涂料的固化。
Ratio 比率
Relationship in quantity or size between 2 things.
两类事物质量或尺寸的关联关系。
Reciprocator 往复机构
Device used to move automatic guns in a vertical plane. A reversing or reciprocating drive system provides motion.
喷枪在垂直面自动移动的装置,一个回动的或往复式的提供移动的装置。
Reclaim 回收
The process used to recycle non-deposited powder through the gun for reuse (after mixing and sieving).
通过喷枪循环使用(筛分和混合后)没有沉积的粉末的过程。
Reclaim Powder 回收粉
Powder that has been oversprayed and collected for reuse.
过喷的被收集重复使用的粉末。
Recoat 重涂
The process of refinishing parts that have a surface defect from the first coat. Application of a second coat after correction of the defect in the first coating.
把第一次涂装存在缺陷的工件重新涂装的过程,应用第二次涂装来修复第一次涂装时的缺陷。
Recovery 回收
The process of removing non-deposited powder from air prior to re-cycling the powder through the delivery system.
移除空气中没有沉积的粉末并重复循环使用的过程。
Recovery System 回收系统
A filtration system that separates powder from the air stream to capture the overspray powder. Most common types are the cyclone or filter (cartridge) system.
从空气中过喷的粉末捕获分离出的过滤系统,一般为旋风分离或滤芯被普遍使用。
Reflectance 反射系数
Degree of light reflected.
光线反射的程度。
Resin 树脂
Any type of solid or semi solid organic material of natural or synthetic origin, generally of high molecular weight with no defined melting point. Most resins are polymers.
一类固体或半固体的天然的或合成的有机材料,一般为无清晰熔点的高分子量材料,多数树脂为聚合物。
Resistivity 电阻
The resistance to the flow of electrical current through a substance.
电流通过介质时的阻力。
Respirator 口罩
Safety breathing facemask.
为了安全呼吸的工具。
Respray 重喷
To recoat, to apply a second coating of the same powder.
以同样的粉第二次喷涂。
Rework 返工
Process to correct imperfections or defects.
纠正不完整或缺陷的过程。
Robbing 掠夺
When powder is effectively redirected due to another earthed surface nearby.
由于邻近的其它的接地的工件而使粉末有效地改变了方向。
Runs 流挂
Sags in the coating. Can occur when objects are pre-heated.
涂层的流挂,尤其容易出现在预热的工件上。
Rust 锈蚀
Corrosion on iron. Red oxide deposits on the surface of the metal.
铁的腐蚀。红色氧化物沉积在金属表面。

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