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涂料知识:粉末涂料术语(四)

作者:admin 来源: 日期:2013-1-30 21:20:28 人气:14

Galvanised Steel 镀锌钢
Steel coated with a layer of zinc. Usually processed by dipping the steel into a hot bed of zinc.
涂装有一层锌层的钢板,一般是在热镀锌槽中浸镀。
Gassing 气孔
Air or gas that escapes from a sub surface beneath a coating and causes blisters, eruptions or bubbles in the coating.
空气或气体从涂层表面下溢出导致涂层出现气孔、火山口、汽泡。
Gel Time 胶化时间
Interval of time required at a given temperature for a powder coating to be transformed from dry solid to a gel like state. Measured in seconds.
粉末在一定的温度下由粉末转化成胶凝状态的时间,一般用秒表示。
Gloss 光泽
The degree of reflection of light from the cured film.
固化涂膜反射光线的程度。
Gloss Retention 保光率
The ability of a coating to retain its original gloss.
涂层保持原始光泽的能力。
Gravity Hopper 重力喂料斗
A powder container, typically cone shaped design to force powder by gravity to feed a gun or transfer system.
一个粉末容器,典型的锥形设计为了使粉末以重力的方式进入喷枪或输送系统。
Grinder 研磨机
Device used to crush or pulverise plastic or solid coating to powder form.
压碎、研磨塑料或固体涂料成粉末形式的设备。

Hardener 硬化剂
Curing agent for thermosetting powder coatings.
热固性粉末涂料固化剂。
Hardness硬度
The ability to withstand indentation and damage.
经得起划伤的能力。
Hiding Power遮盖力
The extent to which a powder coating masks the colour and pattern of the surface it is applied to at a given film thickness.
一定厚度的粉末涂料涂层遮盖住颜色和图案的程度。
High Voltage Cable 高压电缆
A specially designed cable that carries high voltage from generator to gun.
专门设计的从发生器到喷枪输送高压的电缆。
High Voltage Generator高压发生器
An electrical power transformer that converts 220 - 250 volts AC current to high voltage DC.一个把220~250伏交流电转化成高压直流电的变压器。
Hose 软管
Flexible tube used to convey either powder from hopper to gun or compressed air to gun.
把粉末从粉桶输送到喷枪或把压缩空气输送到喷枪的柔性管子。
Humidity湿度
A measure of the amount of moisture in the air.
空气中湿气含量的量度。
Hybrid 混合型
An epoxy polyester powder coating product.
环氧聚酯型粉末涂料产品。
Immiscible 不能混合的
Incapable of being blended.
不能混合的。
Impact Fusion 冲击熔化
The tendency of finely divided powder to combine with other particles in the application equipment creating a hard crust.
在涂装设备上细微粉末粒子之间结合到一起产生硬的外壳。
Incompatibility 不相容
Inability to mix two powders without getting a different surface appearance, such as gloss reduction or craters.
两种粉末不能混合,混合后会出现不同的表面,如光泽的降低或缩孔。
Infrared (IR)红外线
Light Energy used in short wave or medium wave forms to initiate cure in a powder coating.
用于固化粉末涂料的短波或中波的光能。
Infrared Cure 红外固化
A method of curing powder using direct exposure to light energy.
直接暴露在光能下而固化粉末涂料的一种方法。
Inhibitor Pigments 防腐蚀颜料
Pigments that retard to the corrosion process in the substrate.
能够延缓基材腐蚀的一种颜料。
Inorganic 无机的
A substance that is not formed by natural growth.
不是通过自然生长形成的物质。
Insoluble 不溶物
A substance that will not dissolve in water or solvent.
一种在水或溶剂中不能溶解的物质。
Integral Charging 积分充电
A powder gun that has a low voltage single supply to it, and steps up the current to high voltage via a cascade multiplier located in the gun barrel.
对粉末供应一个较低的电压,然后通过放置在喷枪中的叠加增效器逐步增加电流到一个高的电压。
Intercoat Adhesion 内涂附着力
The ability of a powder coating to adhere to a previously applied film.
粉末涂料对预先涂装涂膜的附着能力。
Iron Phosphating Conversion Coating 铁系磷化膜
Chemical deposition on steel for promoting corrosion protection and improving adhesion.
在钢板上的一种化学沉积物,对钢板能够起到腐蚀保护和改进附着的效果。
Isocyanate Resin Urethane Resins 异氰酸酯树脂聚氨酯树脂
Isocyanate curing agents which when heated or reacted with hydroxy functional polymers giving urethane coatings.
异氰酸酯固化剂在加热的情况下与羟基聚合物反应形成聚氨酯涂料。
Kibble (See also Chip)粗破碎
The result of braking extruded powder coating after cooling.
对挤出的粉末涂料冷却后碾压的结果。
Kibbler 破碎机
The machine that makes kibble (chip) from solid and cooled extruded powder coating.
对固体的和冷却的挤出粉末涂料粗破碎的机械。
Levelling 流平
Ability of a film to flow out to a smooth uniform thickness.
涂层流动并形成光滑均一厚度的能力。
Low Film Build 薄涂
Thin coating of powder.
薄涂粉末涂料。
Mandrel Bend Test 芯轴弯曲试验
Physical bending test for evaluating flexibility of a coating.
评估涂料柔韧性的物理弯曲试验。
Masking 遮蔽
Covered area of a part to prevent coverage by powder during application.
在喷涂之前,对防止粉末覆盖的工件的这部分的掩蔽。
Masking Tape 遮蔽胶带
An adhesive tape made for easy application and removal to mask areas where coating is not to be applied.
在涂装时对不需涂装的部分适用的胶带,非常容易使用和移除。
Material Utilisation 材料利用
The percentage of powder that actually is deposited on the parts.
粉末实际沉积在工件上的百分数。
Maximum Loading Density 最大装填密度
The maximum number of parts that can be loaded onto a conveyor to ensure maximum powder utilisation.
能够确保粉末最大利用时的装载在输送机(链条)上的工件的最大的数量。
Melt Mixing 熔融混合
A predominant process for the manufacture of powder coatings involving continuous compounding of pigment, resin, fillers, additives and hardeners, mixing at elevated temperature.
粉末涂料生产的一个非常重要的过程,在一定的温度下可以连续的把颜料、树脂、填料、助剂和固化剂进行混合。
Melting Point 软化点
The temperature at which a finely divided powder will begin to melt and flow.
在粉末微细粒子开始融化和流动时的温度。
Membrane 膜
A fine (usually porous) substance separating adjacent parts equipment.
一种精细的材料(通常是多孔渗水的),用于分离接近的材料的装置。
Metamerism 同色异谱
A visual characteristic that describes a coating that appears different in colour when viewed under different lights.
用于描述涂层的一种视觉特性,在不同的光线下涂层会出现不同的颜色。
Micron 微米
One millionth of a meter. Used to express applied film thickness.
一个百万分之一米。用于表述涂层的厚度。
Mil密耳
One thousandth of an inch. 25 micron equivalent used mainly in the USA.
千分之一英寸,主要在美国使用,等同于25微米。
Mild Steel 低碳钢
Structural Steel or plate malleable iron based alloy. SEA 1020 with a carbon content of up to 2.5%.
可锻造的铁合金的构件或板材,SEA 1020 含碳量达到2.5%。
Mileage 出活量
A term used to describe the area covered by a given amount of powder, usually measured in "square meters per kilo" or "pounds per square foot".
一个描述给出单位粉末量的覆盖面积的术语,常用每公斤多少平米或每平方英寸多少磅表示。
Mill Scale Oxide 铁鳞氧化
layer formed on the steel by hot rolling process.
由热滚工艺形成的在钢板上的一层。
Miscible 易混合的
Capable of mixing or blending.
可以混合的。
Misses 漏涂
Voids in the cured coating.
在固化涂层中的空隙。
Molecule 分子
The smallest particle of a substance that can exist and still retain the properties of that substance. Molecules consist of two or more atoms.
能够存在和保持物质性能的最小粒子,分子包括两个或更多原子。
Monomer 单体
A molecule that can be chemically bound as a unit of polymer.
聚合物中组合在一起的分子单元。
MSDS
Material Safety Data Sheet
材料安全数据单

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